Types of B vitamins and Their Functions
B vitamins are extremely important for the human body to function properly. Unfortunately, though, the body does not produce them on its own. Therefore, people obtain B vitamins from food and supplements, including our itSpray solutions, BOOSTit and CHARGEit. Keep reading to learn about the types of B vitamins and their functions.
Here are the 8 Types of B Vitamins and Their Functions according to the Better Health Channel
- Helps convert glucose (sugar) into energy and plays a role in nerve function
- Consuming too much alcohol can cause a vitamin B1 deficiency.
- A deficiency in this vitamin can cause problems for the heart, muscles, gut, and nervous system.
- Aids energy production in the body
- Helps vision and skin health.
- A lack of this vitamin is rare but is also caused by excessive alcohol consumption.
- Converts carbs, fat, and alcohol into energy for the body
- Important for skin health as well as the nervous and digestive systems
- Vitamin B3 deficiency is known as pellagra, which is caused by too much alcohol and corn consumption.
- Pellagra can cause dementia, diarrhea, and dermatitis.
- Too much vitamin B3 can cause issues such as liver damage
Pantothenic acid (B5):
- Metabolizes carbs, proteins, fats, and alcohol
- Produces red blood cells and steroid hormones
- Deficiency is rare because of how common this vitamin is in food.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine):
- Metabolizes carbs and proteins
- Creation of red blood cells and brain chemicals
- Important to the brain, immune system, and steroid hormone activity
- Deficiency is rare, but once again, too much alcohol increases the risk. Women, the elderly, and those with thyroid disease are also at risk.
- Too much vitamin B6 can cause nerve damage.
- Metabolizes energy and amino acids
- Synthesizes fat and glycogen
- Too much biotin can cause high cholesterol.
- Deficiency is rare because of how common this vitamin is in food
Folate or “folic acid” when included in supplements (B9):
- Forms red blood cells and supports the fetal nervous system
- Also helps with DNA synthesis and cell growth
- Important for child-bearing women
- An excess of folic acid can cause intestinal issues and illness.
- Important to brain function, nerve cells, and the formation of red blood cells
- Helps break down fatty acids and amino acids for energy
- The elderly and people who follow strict vegan diets are at high risk for vitamin B12 deficiency.